Speech & Language Disorders


Acquired speech and language disorders are the direct results of a condition that damages parts of the brain that processes speech and language. This can affect speech control movements of the mouth, face, throat, and chest. Additionally, it can affect regions of the brain that control speaking, listening, reading, and writing.


Acquired speech and language disorders can occur at any point during the lifespan. From infancy to adulthood any of the following neurological conditions can cause a speech and language disorder:

    • Stroke: occurs when a blood clot or a burst vessel cuts off blood flow to parts of the brain
    • Brain injury: trauma-related conditions from a head injury or tumor growth
    • Cerebral palsy: occurs when there is a lack of oxygen in utero or during/after birth
    • Seizures: sudden and uncontrolled electrical disturbances in the brain that can cause changes in behavior, movement, feelings, or levels of consciousness
    • Neurodegenerative diseases: Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), etc.


Identifying any neurological damage to the brain is first recognized by the neurologist and medical team who will treat the person for their brain injury. Most individuals will undergo a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan to confirm the presence of a brain injury and to identify its precise location. 

A speech-language pathologist will perform a comprehensive examination of the person’s speaking, listening, reading and writing skills. 


Speech-language therapy aims to improve a person’s ability to communicate by helping a client restore and compensate affected areas of communication.

Here at First Expressions Speech-Language Pathology Services, Inc., we use a variety of evidence-based treatment methods and approaches that are incorporated into functional and meaningful therapy tasks to improve communication function and ultimately, the quality of life. 

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